Spate irrigation is a unique water resource system that makes productive use of short duration floods in dry river beds. It is common in Pakistan, covering an area of 1 Million ha . The Newarbi project aims to optimize the current spate systems by revising the water distribution rules in those dry river systems that have benefited from technical interventions in the headworks. It is envisioned that the systems are brought up to date after changes made to main headworks and resource use, thereby optimizing their overall productivity and promoting their inclusivity, especially for the weakest downstream users. In addition a whole range of improvements – related to crop agronomy, livestock keeping, small mechanization and water storage, based on proven experiences elsewhere in similar water systems will be introduced through farmer groups.
The project aims to contribute towards the re-setting of water distribution rules in target command areas, thereby promoting efficient water use in agriculture for better livelihood opportunities. It requires a range of activities, including training, capacity building, empowerment of the weakest stakeholders, lobby and advocacy at the district level, and command area infrastructure development. There is a need for a good mix of expertise related to both social change processes and concrete action in the field of water management rules and regulations and improved practices. This requires a partnership of organisations that each offer their own specific value for the actions to be made in Pakistan.
The project is jointly carried out by:
- MetaMeta Research – lead organisation
- Strengthening Participatory Organisation (SPO) – project partner Balochistan
- Research and Development Foundation (RDF) – project partner Sindh
- Sindh Irrigation and Drainage Authority (SIDA)
- Irrigation Department, Government of Balochistan Province, Pakistan and
- Sustainable Water Fund of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) – funding partner
The project is built around three themes and for each theme a number of outcomes have been defined:
- Improved and equitable utilization of productive floodwater (Work Package 2)
- Functional Joint Management Committee (JMCs) and network in each command area, able to oversee the new water distribution agreements and address conflicts between command areas
- Regulated and more equitable distribution of water, taking into account the new head works, with at least 10% more water going to mid and downstream communities and/or access to drinking water regulated.
- Average 20% increase in gross biomass yield in kilograms per cubic meter of water of water available (flood water) during irrigation season, set against the patterns of useable spate-flows (flood water) during irrigation season
- New livelihood opportunities through improved land and water management practices (Work Package 3)
- At least 6 new appropriate livelihood opportunities are in practice in the two sub-basins, benefitting 19,500 people with increased income and improved water productivity. In particular the aim is that each newly introduced practices brings 10% net productivity increase and/or 10% net income increase.
- Out scaling and dissemination of recalibrated water distribution rules and livelihood opportunities (Work Package 4)
- Changes to water rights and rules recognized as a priority issue by 4 non-project areas by district/provincial governments and funding parties.
- Demonstrated new livelihood opportunities being promoted in 4 non-project areas
Theory of Change
The project logic has been drafted into a Theory of Change. The schematic presentation of the Theory of Change can be downloaded here.
- Theory of Change (summary / total)
- Work Package 1
- Work Package 2
- Work Package 3 (a / b)
- Work Package 4 (a / b)
- Work Package 5
- Blog – Drinking Water Ponds in the Kacchi Plains (Bhag Nari, Balochistan)
- Blog – A year in spate irrigation: floods as blessings, rain as a problem
- Blog – Symbiosis: Pastoralists and Farmers in Balochistan
- Blog – Farmer to Farmer Knowledge Transfer
- Blog – Locust Outbreaks in Sindh, Pakistan
- Blog – Lockdown Reality Check in Sindh
- Blog – New Local Energy: Solar Mini-Mills
- Blog – Lockdowns in rural Pakistan – What to do
- Blog – Effect of dam construction on underground flows in Jamshoro, Pakistan
- Blog – Locust threat averted in Sindh, Pakistan
- Blog – The power of networking and opportunity analysis in times of COVID-19
- Video – Harvest-time Charity in Pakistan
- Video – Farmer rehabilitaton Balochistan
- Video – Bagh, Pakistan- A Pond Runs Dry
- Video – Aragula (rucola) Harvest
- Livelihoods Brochure (English / Sindhi)
- Spate Irrigation Brochure
- Photobook – Spate irrigation in practice and pictures
- Project website on RVO’s M&E platform (website)